About Virudhunagar district

Virudhunagar, also called as Virudhupatti, ‘Kalvi maavattam’ (Educational district). It is a south Indian state of Tamil Nadu which is located southwest of the state capital Chennai and 53 km from Madurai. In British rule it is one of the important trading centres. This town is the birthplace of K. Kamarj, former chief minister of Tamil Nadu, and he is a Bharat Ratna recipient. It is located on the east of Kowsika River. Before Independence this land was administered by many empires, like Pandyas, Vijayanagara Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Chanda Sahib, Carnatic kingdom and the British Empire. Now, Virudhunagar is administered by a municipality covering an area of 6.39 km. Here the nearest airport is located in Madurai (45 km north-east of the town). Here, there are 14 secondary schools, two arts and science colleges and one polytechnic college and three university study centers.

History of virudhungar

According to history, a soldier who won a number of medals (in Tamil which is called Virudhu) from his capture of kingdoms, then he came to the town and he challenged the residents. A resident accepted the challenge, slaughter the fighter, from then onwards the town was called as “Virudhukkalvetti”.

  1. In 1736 the Nayak rule was ended. Then it repeatedly seven times captured by Chada Sahib (1740 to 1754).
  2. Arcot Nawab and Muhammed Yusuf Khan (1725-1764)
  3. In 1801, the region came under British East India Company and was merged to the Madras Presidency.
In ancient period Virudhunagar was a part of Madurai region during the 16th century CE. After that the region became freelance from Vijayanagara Empire in 1559 under the Nayaks. Following are the some of the events happened in olden period. It listed below.

In the year 1800’s Nadars, an entrepreneurial South Indian caste, emerged as victorious business peoples in the Ramnad region and they established their commercial foundation in Virudhupatti and along with five towns namely Sivakasi, Sattangudi, Palyamptti, and Aruppukkottai. Then, by the late 19th century, Maravars (also called Thevars), were against the Nadar domination. For that period, Nadars are high majority in religious conversions from Hinduism to Christianity under the torture of European missionaries. But some of the Nadars who not changed their religion from Hinduism, they have not allowed to enter temples governed by Maravars, which was starved of Nadars were considered inferior in caste. This controversy leads to dispute between the two groups in the year 1899 named as Sivakasi riots. During this riots, 866 Nadar houses were fired, 7 Nadars and 14 Maravars were killed out of the 21 known fatalities. Then, the riots came to an end after the intervention of military in mid-July 1899. After that, the town’s name was changed to Virudhupatti in 1875 and on 6th April 1923, then the council renamed it Virudhunagar. Literacy rate of Virudhunagar is 84.28% compared to the national average of 72.99%.