About Trichy District

Tiruchirappalli is formerly called as Trichinopoly in English, also called Tiruchi or Trichy, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District. Trichy is the fourth largest municipal corporation and the fourth largest urban agglomeration in the state of Tamil Nadu. Here, the Kaveri Delta begins 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) west of the city as the Kaveri River splits into two, forming the island of Srirangam now integrated into Tiruchirappalli City Municipal Corporation.

History of Trichy

Tiruchirappalli recorded history dated back in to the 3rd century BC, when it was under the rule of the Cholas. The city has also been ruled by the Pandyas, Pallavas, Vijayanagar Empire, Nayak Dynasty, the Carnatic state and the British. The most important historical monuments in Tiruchirappalli include the Rockfort, the Ranganatha swamy temple at Srirangam and the Jambukeswarar temple at Thiruvanaikaval. The archaeologically important town of Uraiyur, capital of the Early Cholas, is currently a suburb of Tiruchirappalli. The city played a significant role in the Carnatic Wars (1746–1763) between the British and the French East India companies.

The city is a vital Educational Centre in the state of Tamil Nadu, and houses nationally recognized institutions such as the Indian Institute of Management (IIMT), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) and National Institute of Technology (NITT). Industrial units such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Golden Rock Railway Workshop and Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli (OFT) have their factories in Tiruchirappalli. The presence of a large number of energy equipment manufacturing units in and around the city has earned it the title of "Energy equipment and fabrication capital of India". Tiruchirappalli is internationally known for a brand of cheroot known as the Trichinopoly cigar, which was exported in large quantities to the United Kingdom during the 19th century.

A major road and railway hub in the state, the city is served by an international airport which operates flights to Southeast Asia and the Middle East. According to the National Urban Sanitation Policy (2010), Tiruchirappalli was one of the ten cleanest cities in India. So, the history of Trichy has rich cultural and architectural monuments.