About Salem District

Salem District is a southern district of Tamil Nadu, India. Headquarter of the Salem district is Salem town. This town includes Mettur, Omalur and Attur. Salem is encircled by hills and landscape dotted with hillocks. It has excellent culture dating back to the old of Kongu Nadu (Coimbatore). It has importance in various fields. It is well known for Mango cultivation, silver ornaments, textile, sago industries and steel production. The population of the district is 34,82,056 (As of 2011). The gender ration of the district is 954 females for every 1,000 males.

History of Selam

Cheralam, Shalya, Sayilam and Sailam are found in the inscriptions around the hills Nagarmalai in the north, Jeragamalai in the south, Kanjamalai in the west and Godumalai in the east. But local people claim that Salem is the birth place of Tamil poetess Avvaiyar. In a primitive period Salem and the regions around in hills were came under Chera Dynasty. The city was ruled by kings called as Kurunila Mannargal of ancient Tamil Nadu. After that, it was ruled by Gatti Mudalis Poligars who construct few temples and forts around the city.In the 18th century, after the Mysore to Madurai war, the territory came under the rule of Hyder Ali. Often, Salem was snatch from Hyder Ali by Colonel Wood at the beginning of 1768, and the territory was recaptured by Hyder Ali in the end of the year 1772. In the year 1799, it was captured by Lord Clive for disconnection of the regiment stationed at Sankagiri Durg and remained a military station until 1861 when the troops were withdrawn.

In the period of Kongu chieftain Dheern Chinnamalai, regions like Salem and Sankagkiri has battle between Kongu forces and British allied forces. So it result Dheeran Chinnamalai was hanged in Sankagiri fort, after it became the army headquarters of the British.According to legend Edgar Thurston (Castes and Tribes of India Volume 5) the Kongu territory was regime by series of 28 kings before being occupied by the Cholas of Tanjore. In Christian era also this district has long history. The human civilization of the district dates back to the stone ages. The current culture of Salem is discovered in Paleolithic and Neolithic stone implements and dung ash heaps in and around Salem. The culture of the region dates back 3rd century B.C and the ancient Chola Nadu. Salem was the largest district of Tamil Nadu; it was bifurcated into Salem in the year 1965.