About Kanyakumari district

Kanyakumari is also called as Kumarimunai, formerly called as Cape Comorin. It is located at the southernmost tip of the Indian subcontinent. The nearest major city is Nagercoil; it is the administrative headquarter of Kanyakumari District which is 22 KMs away from town of Kanyakumari. This district is one of the exquisite tourist spot which is very famous all over the world. It is a highest literacy rate district in Tamil Nadu having 88.62%.

History of Kanyakumari

Ptolemy's geography tells commercial dealings between western India and Alexandria, the chief eastern emporium of the Roman Empire. He acknowledged Kanyakumari (Cape of Comorin) with the Gulf of Mannar as a main centre for peal fishery. He also identifies Korkai, it is a place of east Kanyakumari, as an emporium of pearl trade. Another important ancient Greek book, called Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, tells that sailing directions for merchants from the Red sea to the Indus and Malabar, and also indicates the coast from Baygaza (Baroch).

According to Christian legends, Christianity came in South India around AD 52 through St. Thomas, one of the twelve Apostles of Christ. Meanwhile European missionaries arrived in the 16th century. It is believed that Islam has entered the southern part of India through Kanyakumari in the 8th century AD through missionaries. Jainism, Islam, Christianity have also contributed the architectural wealth and literary heritage of the district. This district consists of Nanjil Nadu and Idai Nadu. Now the names of the places are Azhagiapanndipuram, Bhoothapandy, Cholapuram and Kulasekaram respectively. Nanji Nadu was under the regime of Pandyas till the 10th century, after that it came under Cheras. The Kalkulam and Vilavancode taluks also came under Cheras dynasty. When the power of Chola falls because of rise in Hoysalas and western Chalukyas, the Venad (Travancore) chieftains took advantage and gradually established Nanji Nadu. One of the famous chieftains, Veera Kerala Varma styled himself as Nanjil Kuravan. For about four centuries the Venad was ruled as powerful kings making penetration into the Pandian territories. So Vijayanagar kings proceeded against Venad. In the year 1609 Kanyakumari ruled by Viswanatha Nayak of Madurai. So it result no serious threat to Nanjil Nadu until the year 1634. So, Sanda Sahib of Arcot took advantage and attacked Nanjil Nadu.

Marthanda Varma could win the famous battle at Colachel overwhelming the Dutch armories that helped the domestic feudatories. So he could not manage the danger from Sanda Sahib and made him to withdraw the battle field. So after Marthanda Varma, Venad had very weak rulers. So, the British Empire took control and continued till 1947. From 1947 to 1956, it was under the personal regime of Maharaja of Travancore, Kerala. In the year 1956 to 1961, it was annexed in to Tamil Nadu.