About Sivaganga District

Sivaganga District is one among 32 districts in Tamil Nadu, India. Sivaganga town is administrative headquarter of Sivaganga district It is surrounded by Pudukkottai district on the Northeast, Tiruchirappalli on the North, Ramanathapuram district on South East, Virudhunagar district on South West and Madurai District on the West. According to Indian Census 2011, Sivaganga district had a population of 13, 39,101 with a gender-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate of the district was 78.89%.

A Brief History Of Sivaganga District

During the 17th century, Sivaganga territory was ruled by the Kingdom of Ramnad, which had its boundary spreading across present day Sivaganga, Pudukkottai and Ramanathapuram. The seventh king of the kingdom, Raghunatha Sethupathy (also known Kelvan Sethupathy) ruled from 1674 to 1710 and was succeeded by his sister's son Vijaya Raghunatha Sethupathy. He was succeeded by his son-in-law Sundareswara Regunatha Sethupathy in 1726.

Bavani Sankara Thevan, the dishonest son of Regunatha Sethupathy aligned with the Rajah of Tanjore to attack Ramnad. Though Bavani won, he did not honor the earlier decision to surrender some portions of the empire to the King of Tanjore. He quarreled with Sasivarna Periya Oodaya Thevar and sent him out of his region. Both Sasivarna and Kattaya Thevar, the brother of Sundareswara, aligned with the Rajah of Tanjore. Both of them conquered Bavani in the year 1730 with the help of the army of Tanjore.

Kattaya Thevar separated the kingdom into five provinces and gave two to Sasivarna, who became the first king of Sivaganga. As per legend, Sasivarna built the Theppakulam and fort around the spring "Sivaganga", where he met his spiritual guru Sathappier. As per another account, Sasivarna was chosen as the king by the Nawab of Carnatic. Sasivarna died at around 1750 and his son Muthuvaduganatha Periya Udaya Thevar took over the reign. He was shot dead in 1780 by Nawabs troops. His widow Velu Nachiyar and newborn Vellachi fled the region and were aided by two Maruthu brothers namely Periya Maruthu and Chinna Maruthu. Velu Nachiyar ruled the region till 1790, when her daughter succeeded her.

The brothers still continued the support the new queen. The brothers rebelled against the British East India Company and Nawab of Carnatic, who was supporting the Company. The brothers were later captured and hanged in Tirupathoor.