About Dindigul district

Dindigul district is an administrative district in the south of Tamil Nadu, India. This district was bifurcated from Madurai District in the year 1985 for administrative purpose. It has 3 Revenue Divisions, 8 Taluks, and 14 Panchayat Unions. The district is surrounded by the Erode, Karur, Trichy and Tirupur, Theni, Coimbatore and Madurai. According to 2011 Census it had a population of 21,59,775 with a gender-ratio of 998 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate of the city was 81.69%. Dindigul is very famous for lockers, it is well known for its lockers all over the globe.


History of Dindigul

The history of Dindigul district is very old; it was the border of the three prominent kingdoms of South India, the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. The Chera king Dharmabalan is assumed to have constructed the temples of Abirami and Padmagirinathar. The ancient Tamil literature, Silappathikaram records the city as the norther border of the Pandya Empire whose headquarter was Madurai. Historian Strbo notes about the city in his 20 A.D. work and Pillni, the famous historian of the time mentions about the Pandyas King and his works. In the first century A.D., the Chola king Karikala Cholan overwhelmed the Pandya Empire and this territory came under the rule of Cholas.In the 6th century, the Pallavas capture most provinces of Southern India. Dindugul was under the reign of Pallavas until Cholas regained the state in the 13th century. During the 14th century, South India was invaded by the Moguls. But, Dindigul was secure in the hands of Vijayanagar Empire before Cheras capture the Pandya Empire. Chandrakumara Pandyan succeeded the war aginst Cheras with the help Vijayanagar Kingdom. The Kampanna Udayar is the commander of the Vijaya Nagar army played a significant role in the war.

In the year 1559 Nayak rule was become powerful and their province bordered with Dindigul in the north. After the death of King Viswanatha Nayak in the year 1563, Muthukrishna Nayak was become the king of Empire in 1602 A.D who construct the strong mount fort in the year 1605 A.D. He also constructs a fort at the bottom of the mount. Then, Dindigul came under the domination of Madurai Thirumalai Nayak. After his failure, Rani Mangammal became the ruler of the territory who ruled very efficiently. In the year 1736 Chand Sahib, the lieutenant of Delhi Sultanate confiscates the power from Vangaru Nayak. In the year 1742, the Mysore army under the control of Venkatarayer overwhelmed Dindigul. He controlled Dindigul as a envoy of Maharaja of Mysore. There are 18 Palayams, (which means a small region consist of few villages) during his regimeall all these territories (Palayams) were under the Dindigul Semai with Dindigul capital. Theses territories wanted to be freelance and declined to pay taxes to Venkatarayer. In the year 1748, Venkatappa was become the governor of the territory in place of Venkatarayer, who also failed. In the year 1755, Mysore Maharaja sent Haider Ali to Dindigul territory to handle the situation. After that, Haider Ali became the Maharaja of Mysore. In the year 1777, he was appointed Purshana Mirsaheb as governor of Dindigul. He strengthened the fort, and his wife Ameer-um-Nisha-Begam died in her delivery and her burial place is now known Begambur. In the year 1783 British army, direct by Captain Long invaded Dindigul.

In the year 1784, after a negotiation between Mysore Maharaja and British army, Dindigul was restored by Mysore province. In the year 1788, Tipu Sultan who is the son of Haider Ali, was crowned as King of Dindigul. In the year 1790, James Stewart of the British army achieved the control over Dindigul by attacking it in the second war of Mysore. In an accord was made on 1792, Tipu handover Dindigul to the English.In the year 1559 Nayak rule was become powerful and their province bordered with Dindigul in the north. After the death of King Viswanatha Nayak in the year 1563, Muthukrishna Nayak was become the king of Empire in 1602 A.D who construct the strong mount fort in the year 1605 A.D. He also constructs a fort at the bottom of the mount. Then, Dindigul came under the domination of Madurai Thirumalai Nayak. After his failure, Rani Mangammal became the ruler of the territory who ruled very efficiently. In the year 1736 Chand Sahib, the lieutenant of Delhi Sultanate confiscates the power from Vangaru Nayak. In the year 1742, the Mysore army under the control of Venkatarayer overwhelmed Dindigul. He controlled Dindigul as a envoy of Maharaja of Mysore. There are 18 Palayams, (which means a small region consist of few villages) during his regimeall all these territories (Palayams) were under the Dindigul Semai with Dindigul capital. Theses territories wanted to be freelance and declined to pay taxes to Venkatarayer.

In the year 1748, Venkatappa was become the governor of the territory in place of Venkatarayer, who also failed. In the year 1755, Mysore Maharaja sent Haider Ali to Dindigul territory to handle the situation. After that, Haider Ali became the Maharaja of Mysore. In the year 1777, he was appointed Purshana Mirsaheb as governor of Dindigul. He strengthened the fort, and his wife Ameer-um-Nisha-Begam died in her delivery and her burial place is now known Begambur. In the year 1783 British army, direct by Captain Long invaded Dindigul. In the year 1784, after a negotiation between Mysore Maharaja and British army, Dindigul was restored by Mysore province. In the year 1788, Tipu Sultan who is the son of Haider Ali, was crowned as King of Dindigul. In the year 1790, James Stewart of the British army achieved the control over Dindigul by attacking it in the second war of Mysore. In an accord was made on 1792, Tipu handover Dindigul to the English. Interesting fact is, Dindigul is the first territory com under British Empire in the Madurai District. In the year 1798, the British military strengthened the hill fort with cannons and construct guard rooms in every corner. Then, the British military, under Staten stayed at Dindigul fort from 1798 to 1859. Next, Madurai was made capital of the British army and Dindigul was annexed to it as a taluk. Dindigul was under the regime of the British until India got our Independence on 15th August 1947.