About Cuddalur District

Cuddalore District is a southern district of Tamil Nadu State, India. Cuddalore city is the district headquarters. As of 2011, it had a population of 26, 05,914 with the gender ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy of the city was 78.92%; compared to the national average of 72.99% Cuddalore is derived from ‘Koodalur’ which means it is a place where the Kedilam, Pennayar, Paravanar and Uppanar River join.

History of Cuddalur district

The early history of Cuddalore remains vague; the town first rose to importance during the supremacy of Pallavas and Medieval Cholas. After the fall of Chola Empire the town was administered by different dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagara Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur, Tippu Sultan, French and the British Empire. It has the seven years of war and the battle in the year of 1758 between French and British Empire. So it is one of the parts of independent India since 1947.

In the year 2004 Cuddalore was one of the affected towns for Tsunami, causing 572 fatalities. Cuddalore is the house of Chemical, Pharmacological and energy industries in SIPCOT (an industrial estate set up by the government). Cuddalore is administered by special grade municipality

Before many centuries, Cuddalore has been focus to many foreign powers including the Portugal, Netherlands, France and more recently, the British. Following are the timings of historical importance in Cuddalore district.
  1. In the year 1600’s English and French came to Cuddalore for the purpose of business and trade. The British established a settlement at Cuddalore and the French at Pondicherry.
  2. The English and French engaged in war for 7 years on 29 April 1758. It is a indecisive war between a British squadron, under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and a French squadron, under Comte d’Ache.
  3. In the year 1789 to 1794, there was further turbulence due to the war of Second Anglo-Mysore war and American Independence war culminating in the siege of Cuddalore, after that the town was handover to British as part of a peace treaty.
  4. In the year 1782, Second Anglo Mysore war, the French troops with Tippu Sultan and won the British, afterward, Cuddalore became a chief port against the French
  5. In the year 1783, General James Stuart led his troops to fend off French troops.
  6. Today also some streets in Cuddalore retain British names like Clive Street, Sloper Street, Rope Street, Canning Street, Wellington Street, Imperial road and Lawrence road.
  7. In the year 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake near Sumatra in the year 26 December 2004 cause 572 casualties. So, several fishing hamlets are disappeared.
  8. In the year 2012, Cyclone ‘Thane’ caused huge damage to crops and buildings.