About Economy

Madurai District was habitually an agrarian society, with paddy as the main crop. During the 16th century that is in Nayaka period the Cotton crop cultivation in black soil was introduced in order to increase the revenue from agriculture. Here, the Paddy is cultivated in the Vaigai delta across Madurai North, Nilakottai, Melur and Uthampalayam are called as “Double-crop paddy belts. The other subsidiary occupations like poultry-farming, dairy farming, brick making, pottery, carpentry and mat-weaving are very famous in Madurai.

It is also very famous for Jasmine plantations which are popularly called “Madurai Malli” (Madurai Jasmine) mainly carried out at the foothills of Kodaikanal hills and traded at the Madurai morning flower market. Nearly 2,000 farmers are sell flowers daily in the flower market.

Madurai is one among few rubber growing areas in South India, and there are rubber-based manufacturers in Madurai. Mats, sporting goods, Gloves, other utility products and automobile rubber components are the majority items produced by these industries. TVS Srichakra (tyre manufacturing), Sundaram Industries (Rubber Division, Coach Division), Fenner India, Hi-Tech Arai Ltd and Lanxess India are some of the rubber-based industries situated in the city.

Automobile producers like General Motors, Ford, Toyota and Honda are the major consumers of components manufactured in the city. The city is headquartering to one of the apex motorcycle manufacturers in India, the TVS Group. Here, there are many granite, textile and chemical industries functioning in Madurai.

It is also promoted as a second-tier city for IT and some software companies like Honeywell Technology Solutions have opened their offices in Madurai. The Tamil Nadu Government has proposed tow IT based SEZ (Special Economic Zones) in Madurai, and these are fully occupied by various IT companies.